how is rice grown in Vietnam

How is rice grown in Mekong Delta - in Vietnam?

How is rice grown? As you travel around Vietnam, whether entering a side-walk restaurant or luxury ones, there is an essential dish on the menu: white-steamed rice. Steamed rice can be eaten with other dishes and can be useful for vegetarians. Steamed rice is in Vietnam, what boiled potatoes are in the UK or Fries are in the USA… an indispensable dish for the table. In this topic, Sagomeko would like to discuss “how rice is grown” in the Mekong Delta – Vietnam.
Let’s get started! 

Hi! i am Thi - local guide in Vietnam. Please, keep in touch with Sagomeko & make your trip better with local tour-guides'advises. Cheers !

How is rice grown –The processing

Planting rice in Mekong Delta

Rice is classified as an important cereal group (rice, cassava, wheat, maize, potatoes) providing food for 40% of the world’s population, especially in the tropical countries. Vietnam in general and the Mekong Delta in particular, have many natural conditions about alluvium, climate, experienced rice farmers … Therefore, rice is an essential agricultural product both for local needs and for exporting.
Rice is an herbaceous plant, with roots like wheat, growing best with hot, humid climate and watery tuberculosis. It sounds simple, but true farmers from the past until now have to take strategic steps to achieve high yields and to cope with natural disasters and insects.
* Soil preparation: this is a very important first step for “How is rice grown”. The soil has to be treated after the previous season was harvested. It will be porous, which will increase the nutrient release process in the soil, and the flat and shallow land will help the rice plant grow easily. The image of the old buffalo plowing in the old days was gradually replaced by the mechanical buffalo – the plough.
* Selection of rice varieties, rice seeding, and rice cultivation: in the Mekong Delta, there are 3 seasons such as winter-spring, spring-summer, and summer-autumn … Depending on the season, experienced farmers will choose other rice varieties such as OM 4059, OM 4900, OM 6561-12, OM 5199-1, Jasmine rice …
There are two methods of rice cultivation: direct seeding rice-sprouts (simple but easy to get rotten) and young seedlings from 15- 17 days of rice. Rice must be transplanted in a row, about 2 cm deep (according to the season) so that the rice can be branched, 35 – 40 bundles/ m2.
How is rice grown in mekong delta
* Soil improvement – nutrition supply and water management: these processes take place together to help the rice grow steadily. When the rice plant is about 15 days, the water level must be kept at 1 -3 cm for sprouts to grow and branch. After the rice has been growing for 20 days, the water level must be kept alternately between dry and wet 5 cm, then let it dry again. Next, when flowering takes place, the water must always be maintained at a level of 5 cm. About 5 days before harvest, the farmer continues to let the field dry, so that the harvest is easy. It’s not as easy a process as it first might seem to grow rice, is it?
In addition to taking meticulous care of “how is rice grown”, farmers in the Mekong delta also pay much attention to the climate and silt from the river. Grasshoppers, stem borer, yellow snail, blast disease, rats … are the causes of low productivity.
The warming of the greenhouse effect also greatly affects rice, rising sea levels, saline intrusion with significant reduction of sediment from upstream.
Rice grains (otherwise known as) heaven’s pearls, nourish the Mekong people, farmers can let their children go to university and bring civilized light, improve equipment and farming techniques in the field. That innovation helps farmers reduce the hardships.

How is rice grown – throughout Vietnam?

Travel along Vietnam to see rice-paddies

Not only in the Mekong Delta, but all along Vietnam you can admire the “how is rice grown”. Golden terraced rice fields, waiting for you in September in Sapa. The upland rice fields are not as productive as those in the Mekong Delta, but you will be immersed in the beauty of the majestic nature and the H’mong ethnic minority.
You can cycle through rivers, across bridges made of bamboo, watch the rice fields stretching in the nostalgic Hoi An. The lanterns reflect from the romantic Hoai River.


From the planes to Ho Chi Minh City, you will see vast rice fields and majestic Mekong Rivers.
I hope you have had an interesting experience reading about “How is rice grown”. I will leave you with this quote I found in “when the heaven and earth changes places” by Le Ly Hayslip:
“Our rice paddy is always near the cemetery because we believe the spirit pass through their souls into the rice. So the new generation is eating the rice will share their spirits and ashes”.
In our forthcoming topics Sagomeko will continue to present interesting things from Vietnamese culture: for example, why Vietnamese bury our ancestors near the rice paddy? Stay tuned, we will come back soon!

Thank for your reading & sharing

Leave a Reply